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Motoring News. New Vehicle Emissions Scheme explained
The battle to reduce car pollution in Singapore is on. And it is hoped that the new Vehicle Emissions Scheme (VES) will go some way towards reducing the world’s silent killer. Warning – acronyms ahead…
What is the Vehicle Emissions Scheme?
VES replaces the current Carbon Emissions-based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS). It will come into effect for all new cars, taxis and newly imported used cars from January 2018.
At the moment the CEVS only covers carbon dioxide (C0 2) emissions but the new scheme has been widened to include four new car pollutants; hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM).
Why have these pollutants been added to the scheme?
Simply put, they are polluting the environment and causing serious long-term health issues and premature deaths within the community.
1. PARTICULATE MATTER (PM) – Associated with the development of chronic bronchitis, stroke and premature death.
2. and 3. HYDROCARBONS (HC) and NITROGEN OXIDE (NOX) – Both lead to risk of respiratory infection and impairment of lung function in asthmatics.
These gases can also lead to the formation of OZONE, a pollutant that can cause permanent lung injury or death from even short-term exposure to relatively low concentrations.
4. CARBON MONOXIDE (C0 2) – prolonged exposure can cause brain damage, memory and hearing loss, and coronary heart disease.
At the moment, Singapore does NOT meets its 2020 air quality targets for PM and OZONE.
The new VES rebate or surcharge for a car or taxi will be determined by its worst-performing pollutant. It is hoped this will encourage buyers to choose models that have lower emissions across all criteria and are cleaner overall.
A better Fuel Economy Labeling Scheme (FELS).
To help car-buyers make informed decisions, fuel labels will be re-designed to include information on each vehicle’s VES band. This new label will be displayed clearly on showroom cars when the VES is implemented in January 2018.
For more motoring warnings and tips, look out for regular posts in this series.